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|Categories||Stainless Steel Seamless Tube|
|Place of Origin:||China, USA, Korea, UE|
|Certification:||ABS, GL, DNV, NK, PED, AD2000, GOST9941-81, CCS, ISO 9001-2008|
|Packaging Details:||Ply-wooden Case /Iron Case/ Bundle with plastic Cap|
|Payment Terms:||T/T, L/C|
|Supply Ability:||1500 tons per month|
|Model Number:||ASTM B 677 NO8904 / 904L , ASTM B366 NO8904 / 904L, 1.4539,|
|Applications:||Typical applications include,Processing plant for sulphuric, phosphoric and acetic acids,Components|
|Material Grade:||TP304, TP304L , TP304H, TP309, TP310S, TP310H, TP316L, TP316H, TP316Ti, TP317, TP317L , TP321, TP321H, TP347, TP347H, TP904L|
|Test:||ET, UT, HT , PT|
|Standard:||ASTM A213, ASTM A269, ASTM A270, EN10216-5, DIN17458, GOST 9941-81, JIS G3459|
ASTM B 677 NO8904 / 904L , ASTM B366 NO8904 / 904L, 1.4539, Stainless Steel Seamless Tube
|904L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes|
904L is a non-stabilised low carbon high alloy austenitic stainless steel. The addition of copper to this grade gives it greatly improved resistance to strong reducing acids, particularly sulphuric acid. It is also highly resistant to chloride attack - both pitting / crevice corrosion and stress corrosion cracking. This grade is non-magnetic in all conditions and has excellent weldability and formability. The austenitic structure also gives this grade excellent toughness, even down to cryogenic temperatures. 904L does have very substantial contents of the high cost ingredients nickel and molybdenum. Many of the applications in which this grade has previously performed well can now be fulfilled at lower cost by duplex stainless steel 2205 (S31803 or S32205), so it is used less commonly than in the past.
904L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Product Range
904L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Specifications: ASTM A/ASME SA 269/677 904L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Sizes (Seamless): 1/2" NB - 8" NB
904L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Sizes (ERW): 1/2" NB - 24" NB
904L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Sizes (EFW): 6" NB - 100" NB
904L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Wall Thickness available:
Schedule 5S - Schedule XXS (heavier on request)
904L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Other Materials Testing:
NACE MR0175, H2 SERVICE, OXYGEN SERVICE, CRYO SERVICE, etc.
904L Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Dimensions:
All Pipes is manufactured and inspected/tested to the relevant standards including ASTM, ASME and API etc.
These properties are specified for flat rolled product (plate, sheet and coil) in ASTM B625. Similar but not necessarily identical properties are specified for other products such as pipe, tube and bar in their respective specifications.
Table 1. Composition ranges for 904L grade of stainless steels.
Table 2. Mechanical properties of 904L grade stainless steels.
Tensile Strength (MPa) min
Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min
Elongation (% in 50mm) min
Rockwell B (HR B)
Rockwell Hardness value range is typical only; other values are specified limits.
Table 3. Typical physical properties for 904L grade stainless steels.
Mean Co-eff of Thermal Expansion (m/m/C)
Specific Heat 0-100C
Grade Specification Comparison
Table 4. Grade specifications for 904L grade stainless steels.
These comparisons are approximate only. The list is intended as a comparison of functionally similar materials not as a schedule of contractual equivalents. If exact equivalents are needed original specifications must be consulted.
Possible Alternative Grades
Table 5. Possible alternative grades to 904L stainless steel.
Why it might be chosen instead of 904L
A lower cost alternative, but with much lower corrosion resistance.
A higher resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion resistance is needed.
A very similar corrosion resistance, with the 2205 having higher mechanical strength, and at a lower cost to 904L. (2205 not suitable for temperatures above 300C.)
Higher corrosion resistance is needed, together with a higher strength than 904L.
Although originally developed for its resistance to sulphuric acid it also has a very high resistance to a wide range of environments. A PRE of 35 indicates that the material has good resistance to warm sea water and other high chloride environments. High nickel content results in a much better resistance to stress corrosion cracking than the standard austenitic grades. Copper adds resistance to sulphuric and other reducing acids, particularly in the very aggressive "mid concentration" range.
In most environments 904L has a corrosion performance intermediate between the standard austenitic grade 316L and the very highly alloyed 6% molybdenum and similar "super austenitic" grades.
In aggressive nitric acid 904L has less resistance than molybdenum-free grades such as 904LL and 310L.
For maximum stress corrosion cracking resistance in critical environments the steel should be solution treated after cold work.
Good resistance to oxidation, but like other highly alloyed grades suffers from structural instability (precipitation of brittle phases such as sigma) at elevated temperatures. 904L should not be used above about 400C.
Solution Treatment (Annealing) - heat to 1090-1175C and cool rapidly. This grade cannot be hardened by thermal treatment.
904L can be successfully welded by all standard methods. Care needs to be taken as this grade solidifies fully austenitic, so is susceptible to hot cracking, particularly in constrained weldments. No pre-heat should be used and in most cases post weld heat treatment is also not required. AS 1554.6 pre-qualifies Grade 904L rods and electrodes for welding of 904L.
904L is a high purity, low sulphur grade, and as such will not machine well. Despite this the grade can be machined using standard techniques.
Bending to a small radius is readily carried out. In most cases this is performed cold. Subsequent annealing is generally not required, although it should be considered if the fabrication is to be used in an environment where severe stress corrosion cracking conditions are anticipated.
Chemical Composition %
Seamless Pipe 1/2" W
ASTM B677, B366
ASME SB677, SB366
Good resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion.
Very good resistance to stress corrosion cracking.
Good resistance to intergranular corrosion.
Good formability and weldability.
Maximum service temperatures of
450 deg.C. (824 deg.F).
Production and transport of sulfuric acid
Metal pickling in sulfuric acid
Production and concentration of phosphoric acid
Use in seawater, brackish water, condensers, heat exchangers and pipe work in general
Paper and allied industries
Chemical and pharmaceutical industries
Tensile Strength (KSI) 70
Yield Strength (KSI) 25
KSI can be converted to MPA (Megapascals) by multiplying by 6.895.
Some of the quality tests carried out by us includes:
|Corrosion Test||Conducted only when specially requested by the client|
|Chemical Analysis||Test done as per required quality standards|
|Destructive / Mechanical Testing||Tensile | Hardness | Flattening | Flare | Flange|
|Reverse-bend and Re. flat tests||Carried out in full compliance with relevant standards & ASTM A-450 and A-530 norms, which ensures trouble-free expansion, welding & use at customers end|
|Eddy Current Testing||Done to detect homogeneities in subsurface by using Digital Flaw-mark Testing System|
|Hydrostatic Testing||100% Hydrostatic Testing carried out according to ASTM-A 450 norms for checking tube leakage, and biggest pressure we can support 20Mpa/7s .|
|Air Under Pressure Test||To check any evidence of air leakage|
|Visual Inspection||After passivation, every single length of tubes & pipes is subjected to thorough visual inspection by trained staff for detecting surface flaws & other imperfections|
Supplementary Testing : Apart from the above mentioned tests, we also carry out on the manufactured products supplementary testing. The tests conducted under this include:
Yuhong Group Co.,Ltd